Posts Tagged ‘Georgia’

Georgian Quotes

Thursday, January 12th, 2012
Shota Rustaveli

Shota Rustaveli

Georgia always had well-known persons, who changed ways for many lives. One of them was Shota Rustaveli who lived in 12 Century, and wrote world known master-piece “The Knight in the Panther’s Skin” (transliterated as Vepkhist’q’aosani Man in tiger’s skin). Here you will see many quotes.

So our site made some research of World wide web, if there were Georgian Quotes and got one great website, where you can see as Shota Rustaveli Quotes, as Georgian Quotes.

So we contacted to them and made some partner deal. After this they will add more and more Georgian Quotes. It is one more step for Republic of Georgia, to make our writers more public.

Just Check Good Quotes here and Enjoy with it.

Diaochi and Qolha – Ancient Georgian kingdoms

Friday, August 12th, 2011

In the late 2000 B.C. kingdoms of Diaochi and Qolha were formed. Diaochi was also known as “Daiaen” in Assyrian people. It was in the southern of ancient Georgia. Ancient Greek leader an historian Xenophon called Diaochians “Taochs“, it is retained from the old Georgian province – “Tao“.

In the XII B.C. Diaochi was in group of countries named “The Nairi Countries“. It was military union against Assyria. Fortune dismissed this union and king of Assyria, King Tiglath, defeated them.

King Menuas, King of Urartu,  calls Diaochi a “powerful country”, which shows that Diaochia was powerful and great country of its time.

Another ancient Georgian Kingdom was Qolha, which was situated northen of Diaochi. As sources report, Qolha ruined Diaochi Kingdom with help of Urartu. It was around VIII B.C. After this Qolha and Urartu divided Diaochi territory and became neighbors.

What about Kingdom of Qolha, it was successful in cattle breeding and metallurgy. The Source tells about seizing cattle and making “The Iron Ring” by king Sardur II.

Source Greek Map: Ancient Qolha, Iberia,Albania... Published in London

Source Greek Map: Ancient Qolha, Iberia,Albania... Published in London

Qolha was such successful Kingdom with some great techniques of metallurgy that Greeks made mythological fantasies and stories about them. The most known is “The Golden Fleece“, the story about King Aieti and his daughter Medea, who had  the skin of ram with golden wool. Fifty Greek heroes (Argonauts) under Jason, Greek Hero,  set out their quest of the Golden Fleece.

More about “The  Golden Fleece” myth you can see here: The Golden Fleece

In real, the myth tells that Qolha was very strong kingdom with high level of agriculture and metallurgy section.

Another Myth about metallurgy is a legend about Amiran that is almost similar to the myth of Prometheus.After stealing fire from Olympos Mountain, angry Zeus to get revenge on Prometheus,carried him to the Caucasus in Georgia.

After Diaochi defeat, Urartu and Qolha became rivals and had many battles, which made sick these two kingdoms. So the Cimmerians finished this wars and ruined either kingdoms. Cimerians had to pass through Qolha in order to get to Urartu.

It is known fact that Georgian word “Gmiri” (Hero) derives from Cimmerians name “Gmir”.

Qolcha coins

Qolcha coins

Mtiuleti

Thursday, June 30th, 2011
Mtiuleti

Mtiuleti

Mtiuleti, easter region of Georgia. It is on the south side of Caucasus Mountains. Of Course, Mtiuleti is mainly situated in the high mountins. This Region is the second with its big number of towers in Georgia. Mtiuleti occupies parts of Dusheti and Kazbegi, MtskhetaMtianeti region.

There is also only town in Mtiuleti, Pasanauri, famous with its Khinkali (Traditional food). There are two main rivers in this region, the Mtiuleti Aragvi (the White (Tetri) Aragvi)) and the Gudamakari Aragvi (the Black (Shavi) Aragvi)). Pasanauri is at the altitude of 1050 meters from the sea level. With its territorial situation, Mtiuleti always was Georgians Defense side from enemies.

The Mtiuls are freedom loving and brave people. Mtiuls were first rebels after 200 years, that Russia annexed Georgia in 1801. They fought for a long time for freedom.

Mtiuleti Map

Mtiuleti Map

This Region is famous with its cattle-breeding. Besides this, people go in for sheep-breeding as well. Because of small number of grasslands, Mtiuls have to use Khevsureti land, and also they take sheep to Shiraki valley and spend whole winter there.

You can see many towers here. They belongs to feudal era. “Lomisoba” is the main celebrate day as Mtiuls as whole Georgia. It is connected with St.Giorgi.

 

The Population of Georgia

Saturday, April 23rd, 2011
Georgia

Georgia

The majority of the population of Georgia is the Georgians. The Georgians fall into the following ethnographic groups: the Mtiulis,the Khevsuris,the Kartlians, the Kakhians, the Imerians, the Mingrelians, the Svans, the Gurians, the Ajarians and etc. Also In Georgia you can see these population: the Armenians, the Azerbaijani, the Abkhazs, the Ossetians, the Russians, small portion of Greeks, Jews and others.

What about Religion of Georgian population, majority of Georgians are orthodox Christians. Also there are   Muslim Georgians in Ajara, and few part of population are Catholics, mostly in Meskheti.

Nationality: Georgian(s)

Approximate Population: 4,646,003 (July 2007 est.)

Name of Capital: Tbilisi

Official Language: Georgian

Country Name (local short form): Sakartvelo

Major Languages Spoken: Aramaic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Ossetian, RussianMap of GeorgiaCountry Facts

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Currency Code: lari (GEL)

International Phone Code: 995

 

About Batumi

Sunday, February 27th, 2011
Batumi

Batumi

Geography:
City of Batumi is located on the Black Sea coast, on 2-3 meters height from the sea level. It has the shape of half moon. Batumi is constructed on the north sector of Kakhaberi lowlands.
Batumi city area is 19 kmВІ. Coastal Adjara includes plain-lowlands and is distinguished by subtropical climate characteristic of high thermal regime(average annual temperature 14,5 В° C. the average temperature of the coldest month – January is +6 В° C). Average annual precipitation is 2 200 mm and air wetness is 80%. Batumi is the land and sea gate of Georgia, with its deep seaport, railway and industry enterprises. Batumi population is 124 000 people.

Batumi-Adjara

Batumi-Adjara

History:
Batumi’s history’s painful facts are 1924 year events. When Georgian people launched rebellion forces against Russian invaders in different regions of Georgia. In Batumi, national-liberal party members were killed without any investigation. Anti-Soviet party members were executed in 31 August, 1924. Among them was the active participant of struggle for Batumi’s liberation from Ottomans, general-major – George Purtseladze,which held the position of Batumi defense company’s Chief of staff.

 

During the Soviet period, the region of Adjara got the autonomy status for “religious grounds”, though this was the Soviet Union plan. The era of socialism was not particular for Batumi. Like Soviet people, Batumi and his community also experienced the coldness of 37-38 years. Batumi population actively participated in Second World War’s(1941-1945) various fronts. From 12 258 soldiers recruited from Batumi, 4 728 had not returned. In 60-80-ies, the city life was the typical example of Soviet life and it’s characteristic values.

In 1989-1991 years, after beginning of Georgian national-liberation movement and the restoration of independence in May 26, 1991, clan rule of Aslan Abashidze established in Adjara. In May 2004, Abashidze’s separatist regime’s precipitation was logical continue to Georgia’s Rose revolution in 2003.

Batumi-Travel

Batumi-Travel

Nature:
Batumi nature is subtropical. Warm, dry winters and warm summer. The average annual temperature is 14,5 В° C, in January – 7,1 В° C, in August – 23,2 В° C. Precipitation – 2560 mm per year. Wetness – 81%. There are frequent heavy storms. Snow rarely falls, and soon melts. The sea water temperature near coast is approximately – 16,7 В° C. In the coast line, sea brizes are well expressed, that’s why heat is felt less.

 

On the territory of Batumi, there is a natural lake(0,06 kmВІ), which now is a part of Batumpark. In the city and its surroundings, various subtropical plants are spread. Artificially planted parks, tea plantations and citrus plants are prevailing. On the hills, there are Colchis preserved natural forests and shrubberies.

About Sighnaghi

Sunday, February 27th, 2011

Sighnaghi

Sighnaghi

About Sighnaghi

Sighnaghi is a little city in Georgia. Sighnaghi is a administrative center of Georgia. In

In Sighnaghi lives 2.1 thousand man. The town has an area of 2.978 kmВІ with 24.3% being residential. Sighnaghi is approximately 113 km southeast of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia. Sighnaghi District is adjacent, on the town’s east and southwest sides. Sighnaghi is situated in the eastern foothills of the Gombori Range, a watershed between the Iori and Alazani valleys, in a productive agricultural and fruit-growing region. At the elevation of about 790 m above sea level, the town overlooks the Alazani Valley and faces the Greater Caucasus mountains.

Sighnaghi has a mild humid climate. There are four seasons, with winters being moderately cold while summers can be hot. The highest average temperature is in July at 24.3В°C while the lowest average temperature is in January at 0.2В°C. Average annual precipitation ranges from 602.1 to 949.7 mm, with the heaviest occurring during the spring months and early summer.

History of Sighnaghi:

The territory of the modern-day town has been settled since the Paleolithic period and was known as Hereti in the Middle Ages, and as Kiziqi after the 15th century. Sighnaghi (literally, “harbor” in Turkish) as a settlement is first recorded in the early 18th century. In 1762, King Heraclius II of Georgia sponsored the construction of the town and erected a fortress to defend the area from marauding attacks by Dagestan tribesmen. As of the 1770 census, Sighnaghi was settled by 100 families, chiefly craftsmen and merchants. When Georgia was annexed by Imperial Russia in 1801, Sighnaghi was officially granted town status and became a centre of Signakh uyezd within Tiflis Governorate in 1802. The town quickly rose in its size and population and became an agricultural centre under the Soviet Union. The severe economic crisis in post-Soviet Georgia heavily affected the town, but a major reconstruction project recently launched by the Government of Georgia and co-funded by several international organizations intends to address an increasing tourist interest and modernize infrastructure.



Republic of Georgia

Sunday, February 27th, 2011
Georgia Map

Georgia Map

Georgia

Georgia is a Republic, which is mainly populated by ethnic Georgians. In X century, Georgia was an ethnic-cultural concept and meant “Qarti” tomme’s and Georgian cultural auspices of all the South Caucasian and some nongeorgian tomme’s cultural unity, and later – their ethnic-cultural-religios-social-economic and political unity, which’s final form – united state, established in XI century. In XII-XIV centuries, Georgia was called the entire Christian and partly Muslim Caucasus. In XIV century, after collapse of country into kingdom-principalities, the term “Georgia” lost it’s meaning. For foreigners it became, etchic-geographical concept ( Gruzia, Vrastan, Gurjistan, etc.).

Georgia Nature

Georgia Nature

Location, nature, climate

Georgia is a country situated in south-east Europe, which borders with Black Sea from the West, Azerbaijan, from the East, Russia, from the North, Turkey and Armenia from the south. Great Caucasus cringe separates Russia from Georgia, the South border goes through the Small Caucasus’s highlands and volcanic slopes. 85 % of country’s territory is mountainous. The height of the highest peaks of Caucasus exceeds 5000 meters.

Diversity of physical-geographical and climatic conditions and multitude of natural waters, also the plants brought from different places of Earth, causes the wealthiness and uniqueness of it’s flora. In Georgia we can found Black Sea’s sandy coasts, everlasting snow covered peaks, humid subtropics and semi-deserts, unique sphagnum swamps and valley’s dressed with dense forests, also almost untouchable areas of wildlife. Due to such variety of nature in Georgia, one can go skiing in the mountains in summer and after that swim the sea.

Georgia has a subtropical climate, summer temperature is approximately 30-35 degrees, in winter from -20 up to +15 degrees.

Population

Population

Population

The country territory’s total area is 69500 KM2. Georgia includes several historic-geographic regions : Kartli, Kakheti, Pshavi, Khevsureti,Mtiuleti, Gudamaqari, Tusheti (Eastern Georgia), Imereti,Guria, Adjara, Samegrelo, Racha, Lechkhumi, Svaneti (Western Georgia), part of historic Samtskhe-Javakheti and Meskhet(South Georgia).Total population approximately is 5 399 000 people, of which 71 % are ethnic Georgians, 8% are Armenians, 5% are Russians, 3% are Ossetians, 6% are Azeri, 1% – Ukrainians, 0,2% – Greeks and 2% – Jews

Metekhi Tbilisi

Metekhi Tbilisi

Historical outlines

Georgia is one of the most ancient countries in the world, with 3 millenium history. The first Georgian states, Diaokhi(in the South-West of Georgia) and Kolkha(on the Black Sea South-East coast) existed yet still in XII-VIII centuries BC. In VI-IV centuries BC, kingdoms of Egrisi and Kartli were established on the territory of Georgia. The kingdom of Kartli particularly strengthened in IV-III centuries BC, during the reign of Parnavaz. At this time, Kartli’s capital was Mtskheta, and the main deity was – Armaz.

Vth century. Vakhtang Gorgasali’s reign period is connected with creation of Tbilisi and building churches on the whole territory of the country.

VII-IX centuries. Arabs dominated in Georgia. During the battle with Arabs, the united feudal Georgian monarchy developed with Bagrat III leadership.

XI-XII centuries. During David Aghmashenebeli and Tamar’s reign, the country’s military success and brilliant achievements in the economy and in culture made Georgia the strongest country. During Tamar’s reign, death penalty was abolished in Georgia. In this period, Rustaveli wrote his masterpiece : “Vepkhistkaosani”

From XIII century, Mongols long reign begins with devastating invasions of Tamerlan. XV century. Georgia disbanded into kingdom-principalities. Turkish- Ottoman powerful kingdom became the Western neighbour of Georgia, which eventually plucked Georgia from Western Europe. In South-East several Turkish kingdoms established, and Russia moored Georgia from the North. XVI-XVIII centuries. Georgian kingdoms principalities devotedly fought for independence. Iran – Turkish endless wars were destroying the country. At the end of XVIII century, Erekle II tried to restore the unity of the country, but he was able to do it only in Kakheti and in Kartli temporary.

By the treatise of Georgievsk in 1783, Eastern Georgia went into Russia’s protection, In 1801, Russia abolished Kartli-Kakheti kingdom and joined it to it’s empire. Soon in the Western Georgia and in whole Caucasus, Russian colonial regime established.

After the Russian Revolution in 1917, Georgia became temporary independent, but soon Bolsheviks conquered it. Only after Soviet Union collapse, Georgia reached complete independence.

After collapse of Soviet Union and it’s putsch, Georgia regained its independence(it was officialy announced on May 26, 1991), and in 1995 Georgia adopted a new constitution and became presidential republic.

Traditions and customs

Georgian traditions and customs are unique. The regale of guest is duty of all members of family, especially for the table head – Tamada.

Some Georgian traditions were gradually forgotten.

 

Religion

During non-christianity in Georgia, people worshiped national deities. From first century A.B, christianity spreads in Georgia. In 337, during king Mirian reign, with the liturgy of St. Nino the Kabadokian, christianity is declared as the state religion. In V century, Georgian Orthodox Church autocephalous was declared.

The most part of Georgians are Orthodox Christians, there are also Catholics – mostly in South Georgia and Islamic confessors – mostly in Adjara. Thus, one can see synagogues and a mosque near Georgian Orthodox churches.

Culture

Georgia is located on the two biggest cultures crossroad – Eastern and Western. That’s why, Georgian culture is a kind of mixture of Eastern and Western cultures and traditions. It’s evidents are ancient archeological monuments found in archeological excavations. Ancient period left palaces, fortresses – and the remains of ancient cities(Uplistsikhe, Armazi, Urbnisi, Vani, etc.). Also excellent examples of metalwork, ceramics production, mosaic art and other branches of art.

The main styles of Georgian churches are basilica and central dome. Ancient basilicas are dated for IV-VI centuries, the style of central dome dominated in VI century and reached the peak of development in XI-XII centuries.