Georgian Quotes

January 12th, 2012
Shota Rustaveli

Shota Rustaveli

Georgia always had well-known persons, who changed ways for many lives. One of them was Shota Rustaveli who lived in 12 Century, and wrote world known master-piece “The Knight in the Panther’s Skin” (transliterated as Vepkhist’q’aosani Man in tiger’s skin). Here you will see many quotes.

So our site made some research of World wide web, if there were Georgian Quotes and got one great website, where you can see as Shota Rustaveli Quotes, as Georgian Quotes.

So we contacted to them and made some partner deal. After this they will add more and more Georgian Quotes. It is one more step for Republic of Georgia, to make our writers more public.

Just Check Good Quotes here and Enjoy with it.

Formation and history of Egrisi (colchis) Kingdom

December 19th, 2011
Early Caucasus

Early Caucasus

The defeat of the kingdom of Qolha were resulted from many things,but main was  the destruction of agriculture. However, a new kingdom, called Colcheti or Egrisi Kingdom, emerged from the ruins of ancient Qolha in the VII-VI centuries B.C. The name Egrisi was given by Eastern Georgian tribes (Karts) according to ethnicity its population (Egri-Megri-Mingrelians). Read the rest of this entry »

The Golden Fleece

August 18th, 2011
Argonauts

Argonauts

The most known Georgian myth is “The Golden Fleece“, the story about King Aieti and his daughter Medea, who had  the skin of ram with golden wool.

Fifty Greek heroes (Argonauts) under Jason, Greek Hero,  set out their quest of the Golden Fleece. Their name derives from their ship name “Argo“. The Greeks were fascinated and enthralled with the gorgeousness and splendor of  Aietes’ palace: its fence, wide gates, tall stone columns adorned with copper merlons,  4 fountains under green vineyard in his yard. Milk gushed forth from one, wine from another, scented oil from the third and water from the fourth which during Pleiades (i.e. at the onset of winter) warmed and at the beginning summer became cool and pure.

Argo and argonauts

Argo and argonauts

Jason was Aieti‘s guest so he lived great until he demanded from Aieti Golden Fleece. Aiet accepted if Jason performed some tasks.He was to face fire-breathing bulls and make them plow the field before planting the dragon’s teeth in the earth. Jason must then defeat armed men that would spring out of the earth he had just sowed. Aieti was confident Jason would never be able to do that, but Medea, daughter of Aieti was in love to Jason and helped him.

So Jason occupied fleece and escaped with Medea. Aieti had no intention of giving Greeks the ram, so Apsyrtus, the son of Aieti,chase them, but Jason defeated army of hosts and went with ram to Greece.

Medea Statue in Batumi

Medea Statue in Batumi

Diaochi and Qolha – Ancient Georgian kingdoms

August 12th, 2011

In the late 2000 B.C. kingdoms of Diaochi and Qolha were formed. Diaochi was also known as “Daiaen” in Assyrian people. It was in the southern of ancient Georgia. Ancient Greek leader an historian Xenophon called Diaochians “Taochs“, it is retained from the old Georgian province – “Tao“.

In the XII B.C. Diaochi was in group of countries named “The Nairi Countries“. It was military union against Assyria. Fortune dismissed this union and king of Assyria, King Tiglath, defeated them.

King Menuas, King of Urartu,  calls Diaochi a “powerful country”, which shows that Diaochia was powerful and great country of its time.

Another ancient Georgian Kingdom was Qolha, which was situated northen of Diaochi. As sources report, Qolha ruined Diaochi Kingdom with help of Urartu. It was around VIII B.C. After this Qolha and Urartu divided Diaochi territory and became neighbors.

What about Kingdom of Qolha, it was successful in cattle breeding and metallurgy. The Source tells about seizing cattle and making “The Iron Ring” by king Sardur II.

Source Greek Map: Ancient Qolha, Iberia,Albania... Published in London

Source Greek Map: Ancient Qolha, Iberia,Albania... Published in London

Qolha was such successful Kingdom with some great techniques of metallurgy that Greeks made mythological fantasies and stories about them. The most known is “The Golden Fleece“, the story about King Aieti and his daughter Medea, who had  the skin of ram with golden wool. Fifty Greek heroes (Argonauts) under Jason, Greek Hero,  set out their quest of the Golden Fleece.

More about “The  Golden Fleece” myth you can see here: The Golden Fleece

In real, the myth tells that Qolha was very strong kingdom with high level of agriculture and metallurgy section.

Another Myth about metallurgy is a legend about Amiran that is almost similar to the myth of Prometheus.After stealing fire from Olympos Mountain, angry Zeus to get revenge on Prometheus,carried him to the Caucasus in Georgia.

After Diaochi defeat, Urartu and Qolha became rivals and had many battles, which made sick these two kingdoms. So the Cimmerians finished this wars and ruined either kingdoms. Cimerians had to pass through Qolha in order to get to Urartu.

It is known fact that Georgian word “Gmiri” (Hero) derives from Cimmerians name “Gmir”.

Qolcha coins

Qolcha coins

Mtiuleti

June 30th, 2011
Mtiuleti

Mtiuleti

Mtiuleti, easter region of Georgia. It is on the south side of Caucasus Mountains. Of Course, Mtiuleti is mainly situated in the high mountins. This Region is the second with its big number of towers in Georgia. Mtiuleti occupies parts of Dusheti and Kazbegi, MtskhetaMtianeti region.

There is also only town in Mtiuleti, Pasanauri, famous with its Khinkali (Traditional food). There are two main rivers in this region, the Mtiuleti Aragvi (the White (Tetri) Aragvi)) and the Gudamakari Aragvi (the Black (Shavi) Aragvi)). Pasanauri is at the altitude of 1050 meters from the sea level. With its territorial situation, Mtiuleti always was Georgians Defense side from enemies.

The Mtiuls are freedom loving and brave people. Mtiuls were first rebels after 200 years, that Russia annexed Georgia in 1801. They fought for a long time for freedom.

Mtiuleti Map

Mtiuleti Map

This Region is famous with its cattle-breeding. Besides this, people go in for sheep-breeding as well. Because of small number of grasslands, Mtiuls have to use Khevsureti land, and also they take sheep to Shiraki valley and spend whole winter there.

You can see many towers here. They belongs to feudal era. “Lomisoba” is the main celebrate day as Mtiuls as whole Georgia. It is connected with St.Giorgi.

 

The Population of Georgia

April 23rd, 2011
Georgia

Georgia

The majority of the population of Georgia is the Georgians. The Georgians fall into the following ethnographic groups: the Mtiulis,the Khevsuris,the Kartlians, the Kakhians, the Imerians, the Mingrelians, the Svans, the Gurians, the Ajarians and etc. Also In Georgia you can see these population: the Armenians, the Azerbaijani, the Abkhazs, the Ossetians, the Russians, small portion of Greeks, Jews and others.

What about Religion of Georgian population, majority of Georgians are orthodox Christians. Also there are   Muslim Georgians in Ajara, and few part of population are Catholics, mostly in Meskheti.

Nationality: Georgian(s)

Approximate Population: 4,646,003 (July 2007 est.)

Name of Capital: Tbilisi

Official Language: Georgian

Country Name (local short form): Sakartvelo

Major Languages Spoken: Aramaic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Ossetian, RussianMap of GeorgiaCountry Facts

UTC Time Difference (from capital): UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Currency Code: lari (GEL)

International Phone Code: 995

 

Location of Georgia

March 20th, 2011

Georgia is a country on the edge of Eurasia. To the west it is bounded by the Black Sea. To the north, it is bounded by the Caucasus ridge. Also there are Lesser Caucasus Mountains from the south. Republic of Georgia shares borders with Azerbaijan and Daghestan and it is on it’s east side.

Georgia Map

Georgia Map

Since the ancient times Georgia has been populated by the Georgian tribes which gave rise to the Georgian nation and Georgian People.

There is Likhi Range ( Surami Range ) which divides Georgia into east and west sides. Now the official area of country totals 69.5 sq.km.  However, 18,000 sq.km of country`s historic territory is within Turkey. Its well known that this territory always was settled by Georgian origins.

Mountains are the dominant geographic feature in Georgia. There are high peaks as Ushba, Shkhara, Kazbegi and etc. There are alpine and sub alpine zones as well. Country has great nature and you can see there everything from mountains to lowlands.

Country is also reach with rivers. Here are as small as large rivers – the Mtkvari, the Alazani, the Iori, the Aragvi, the Enguri, the Kvobliani and etc.

The east side of country consists of three parts: Inner Kartli, Lower Kartli and Kakheti.

The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. Official  its population is 1 million 815 thousand. Tbilisi has not always been the capital of Georgia. History says that there were two other main capitals: Mtskheta (the first capital) and Kutaisi.

What about Lakes in Georgia, there are lakes of all sizes like – Paravani, Ritsa, Amtkeli, Childiri, Jandara, Lisi, Kus. Some of them are too deep.  For example Lake Ritsa‘s deep is 150m.

About Bakuriani

February 27th, 2011
Bakuriani

Bakuriani

Geography:

Bakuriani is Georgia’s, Borjomi region’s popular skiing zone. It’s located on 1700 meters altitude on the Trialeti slope’s left side. Bakuriani is surrounded with pine forests(mainly conifers). The skiing area is in 30 km away from Borjomi, on so-called Bakuriani lowland. The city was created on the lava, which dismounted from Mukheri volcano. The highest skiing mountain, Kokhtagora is located on the 2200 meters from the sea level. Bakuriani climate is transitional from continental to mild.

Winter in Bakuriani is cold and snowy, summer is long and warm.The average annual air temperature is 4-3 В° C. In January the average air temperature is 7-3 В° C, and in August it is approximately 15 В° C. Annual precipitation reaches 734 mm. Snow depth from December to March is 64 sm. Georgia Sciences Academy’s famous Botanical garden is located in Bakuriani.

Bakuriani-Georgia

Bakuriani-Georgia

History:

Beautiful nature, excellent climate conditions, with moderate snow cover, fantastic forest surrounding the village, 240 local population – this is a short description of the Bakuriani in 19th century. There are lot of villages in Georgia like this, but certain conditions made this ordinary village the best resort in Georgia.

We will try to name the main circumstances of this transformation :

In XIX century, the Borjomi mineral water, because of its unique medicinal properties, Borjomi valley deserved a great interest. In 1871 Russian Tsar Alexander II granted his brother Mikhail Romanov the Borjomi valley. significant shift happened in the development of valley, Investments were attracted, mineral water bottling plant,resting houses and railways built during the Romanov rule (1898 – 1901). Also Borjomi – Bakuriani narrow-gauge railway was opened during the stewarship of Mikhail Romanov.

Also because of “Guguli”(railway train), Bakuriani began a new life.

The existence of the railway in Bakuriani in 1902-1910, made the Botanical Garden construction on Kokhtagora slope much easier. The building of Botanical garden and its hospitable leader Kozlovski became contributors for beginner skiers.

All those important reasons or conditions would be nothing, without the main factor – human restless dreaming, passion and labour and only after this, the legend was revived and the reality was created. Today its name is – Bakuriani.

Men dreamer case, fortunately turned out to be quite in Georgia.

For that time, skiing boom was in Europe and because of that, Giorgi Nikoladze with his friends started dreaming about the popularization of skiing in Georgia. He was the first, who brought foreign skiers in Bakuriani.

in 1934, PTES(proletarian tourist excursions and society) leased children sanatorium building and founded ski and winter school there.

Remarkable climatic conditions for fox breeding, led to creation of hunting industry in 1932. In the beginning the economy had only 36 pairs of foxes, whose number by 1952 reached 2600. Farm staff, with G. Giorgidze guidance achieved great success in foxes breed improvement. They created and /breeded/ white fox variety and called it “Georgian white fox”. Specialists concluded that scientists failed to create and breed white fox in Western Europe and the US.

1935 year is birth year for Bakuriani as a ski center. In the beginning of January it was already overcrowded. Arrived the TransCaucasian industrial institute(later the Polytechnic institute, and today – the Technical University) students, who were united in the institute skiing section. By institute leader, Bojgua support, students training assemblies in Bakuriani became a tradition. During this period, Tbilisi Medical Institute and State University representatives were sent in Bakuriani.

On 6 January 1935, Ski school of Physical Culture was solemnly opened in Bakuriani. The head of this school was Gogi Bakradze. At the same year, South Caucasian team was formed : Makhashvili, Geladze, Mikaberidze, Kosmachevski, Furceladze, Gvalia, Molovichko,Boiko,Smirnov, Selezniova. Russian skiers were charmed of Bakuriani climate and diversity. They called Bakuriani – “Soviet Skiing Sport Capital”. At the same time in the press Bakuriani was called “Soviet Davos” as well.

In 1950, 45 meters high springboard was built, and then 75 meters high, which attracted more skiing fans from all Europe.

In 1954, In Bakuriani, the first towline was built in Soviet Union. From today’s view it is hard to believe but, until this year, the skiers had to climb the Kokhtagora’s top at the foot.

In 1960, Bakuriani electrification was completed.

In the beginning of 90-ies, Bakuriani is empty, because of the country’s ethnoconflicts and civil wars, Bakuriani dream is destroyed. Bakuriani is in a crisis.

But fortunately, Bakuriani, as the idea, is impossible to disappear. Dreamers continued to believe in this dream and they helped Bakuriani to continue living.

Today Bakuriani arises again : new hotels are built, new ropeways, skiing tracks, new, miracle projects are created. It’s impossible to stop this upgrades. We just have to wish good luck to those people, who do not economy their powers for building and upgrading Bakuriani.

About Photi

February 27th, 2011
Photi

Photi

Geography:

 

Photi is located in the regions of Samegrelo and North Svaneti, on the Colchis lowland, at the estuary of river Rioni. The city’s area is 69 kmВІ and the population is 47149 people.

Photi-Georgia

Photi-Georgia

History:

 

Poti, successor of Phasis is the ancient city, which was established in VII century B.C. Development of farming, handicraft, textile, ceramics and other fields, made the ancient city of Colchis (Kolkheti), Phasis economic and trade center. Phasis was also known for its culture. There was a rhetorical school in Phasis – Phasis Academy. According to ancient Greek historian’s, Straboni’s words there was more than 60 tomes in Phasis.

The development of capitalism, made Poti the main transporting port on the Black Sea coast. In 1858 Poti was announced as the port city. In 1871 the first Caucasian railway line was opened : Poti – Shorapani. Establishing Poti – Tbilisi railway line, increased the importance of the city. Poti still remains the sea gate for Georgia.

By the 20th century, in 50-60-ies the town has got bigger and it has changed its whole appearance. new housing areas, medical and cultural-educational institutions, sports-tourist bases were built. Poti became the scientific center of Colchis. There are more than 20 educational institutions, libraries, high education institutions, folk and choreography studio, G. Chitaia Culture and History museum, and many other institutions in Poti. The city is the center of Poti Diocese. There are oil recycling, shipbuilding and food industry enterprises in Poti.

Culture:

Saint Mary’s Cathedral

Saint Mary’s Cathedral

 

Saint Mary’s Cathedral :

Saint Mary’s Cathedral is located in the historic center of Photi. In particular : В in today’s Central Park. This location of the building was chosen because of  the rays perceived from the street.
Photi is a city, which was built according to a plan. 12 squares were joining  the central street (twelve Apostles sign) and the ray sign was created. The  most important event in the history of Photi was the building of Guria–  Samegrelo eparchy’s cathedral in 1906-1907 years, In which’s construction,  great contribution belongs to Niko Nikoladze.
The project was created by A.Zelenko. The project is the reduced analog of Constantinople’s Hagia Sofia. Later, after that, R. Marpeld made some corrections in project, the project was approved. The church was entertained to hold 2000 prayers. The construction of the church was tasked to “Black Sea Building Society”. The construction began in 6 July, 1906 and finished in September, 1907. It lasted for 1 year and 3 months. It was opened on 14 September “Jvartamagleba” holiday. The church’s foundation was blessed, by Guria-Samegrelo bishop, Giorgi.
On 22 May, 1907 the cross was erected on the dome of the church. Soviet government, turned the cathedral into theatre. In 2005, by the prayer-blessing of Catholicos-Patriarch of Georgia, the cathedral returned to the Photi patriarchate ownage.

Niko Nikoladze Tower

Niko Nikoladze Tower

 

Niko Nikoladze Tower:

Niko Nikoladze Tower is the oldest and the most important building in Photi, because of it’s historical and architectural dignities. In the West of city’s  central square, at the Saint Mary’s Cathedral’s entrance, 5 stages tower stands,  which is known as Niko Nikoladze Tower, because it’s reconstruction is Вconnected with Niko Nikoladze. The head of Photi,Niko Nikoladze, during his  work years(1894-1912) lived in this tower.
In 1578 the Turks seized the town of Photi and built the castle-fortress on the  left bank of river Rioni,on that indicates the remaining fortress fence on the  both sides of castle. Almost for two and a half century, Turks dominated Photi.

In 1828 Photi finally liberated from Turks. In 1870 the region was inspected by Russian Tsar Alexsander II. For emperor’s meeting, people changed the appearance of Photi fortress. External view and the mosque was destroyed, which was located inside the fortress.

In 1896, Niko Nikoladze, added two floors to the fortress. On the fifth floor, mechanical clock was located, which Niko Nikoladze brought from Paris.

St. Nicholas Church

St. Nicholas Church

 

St. Nicholas Church:

St. Nicholas church is located on Guria street, on the territory of old  cemetery. People often call St. Nicholas church – cemetery or “Nakhuturi”  church. There is a document that says that, the cemetery on which St. В Nicholas’s church was built, was created with city, and the church was built  afterwards. At first, the church was made of wood in 1892, by the leadership  of priest Giorgi Kvirkvelia. According to the 1904 year newspaper –  ”Chernomorski Vestnik”, because of climatic conditions, St. Nicholas’s church В needed repair. Wooden walls were changed with bricks, ceiling and floor was  renewed, the roof was roofed with tin-plate.
In 1990, the last restoration-reconstruction works were made.

Photi lighthouse

Photi lighthouse

 

Photi lighthouse:

Photi lighthouse is located at the estuary of river Rioni and the Black Sea. In В the historic district of the city, in the second half of XIX century, with the  Photi seaport construction development, the lighthouse creation was  required, which was the guarantee to the boats safe navigation in the port. In  1860, Photi’s government decided to place a lighthouse in Photi. In 1864,  English firm – “Ekhton Amos and children”-s engineer-mechanics created the  lighthouse turret, which was assembled with cast-iron sheets.

Colchis culture museum

Colchis culture museum

 

Colchis culture museum:

Colchis culture museum is located on the main street of central square. In particular, on the May 26 street. Today’s Photi’s history museum, which was  built in Niko Nikoladze period, and was the house of a certain merchant (Omer  Avgeninos), which was designed in 1907 by architect Edmund Frick. The  building still has not lost it’s individual appearance, and is the one of the most  significant buildings in Photi.



About Batumi

February 27th, 2011
Batumi

Batumi

Geography:
City of Batumi is located on the Black Sea coast, on 2-3 meters height from the sea level. It has the shape of half moon. Batumi is constructed on the north sector of Kakhaberi lowlands.
Batumi city area is 19 kmВІ. Coastal Adjara includes plain-lowlands and is distinguished by subtropical climate characteristic of high thermal regime(average annual temperature 14,5 В° C. the average temperature of the coldest month – January is +6 В° C). Average annual precipitation is 2 200 mm and air wetness is 80%. Batumi is the land and sea gate of Georgia, with its deep seaport, railway and industry enterprises. Batumi population is 124 000 people.

Batumi-Adjara

Batumi-Adjara

History:
Batumi’s history’s painful facts are 1924 year events. When Georgian people launched rebellion forces against Russian invaders in different regions of Georgia. In Batumi, national-liberal party members were killed without any investigation. Anti-Soviet party members were executed in 31 August, 1924. Among them was the active participant of struggle for Batumi’s liberation from Ottomans, general-major – George Purtseladze,which held the position of Batumi defense company’s Chief of staff.

 

During the Soviet period, the region of Adjara got the autonomy status for “religious grounds”, though this was the Soviet Union plan. The era of socialism was not particular for Batumi. Like Soviet people, Batumi and his community also experienced the coldness of 37-38 years. Batumi population actively participated in Second World War’s(1941-1945) various fronts. From 12 258 soldiers recruited from Batumi, 4 728 had not returned. In 60-80-ies, the city life was the typical example of Soviet life and it’s characteristic values.

In 1989-1991 years, after beginning of Georgian national-liberation movement and the restoration of independence in May 26, 1991, clan rule of Aslan Abashidze established in Adjara. In May 2004, Abashidze’s separatist regime’s precipitation was logical continue to Georgia’s Rose revolution in 2003.

Batumi-Travel

Batumi-Travel

Nature:
Batumi nature is subtropical. Warm, dry winters and warm summer. The average annual temperature is 14,5 В° C, in January – 7,1 В° C, in August – 23,2 В° C. Precipitation – 2560 mm per year. Wetness – 81%. There are frequent heavy storms. Snow rarely falls, and soon melts. The sea water temperature near coast is approximately – 16,7 В° C. In the coast line, sea brizes are well expressed, that’s why heat is felt less.

 

On the territory of Batumi, there is a natural lake(0,06 kmВІ), which now is a part of Batumpark. In the city and its surroundings, various subtropical plants are spread. Artificially planted parks, tea plantations and citrus plants are prevailing. On the hills, there are Colchis preserved natural forests and shrubberies.